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This edition of Cadernos de Saúde Pública is truly special.
We begin with our farewell to Claudia Travassos as Editor-in-Chief of CSP and our recognition of her role in preparing the way for our work today, highlighting her special contribution to the "...balance among Public Health's component areas – Epidemiology, Human Sciences, and Health Policy, Planning, and Management [...] with respect for the degree of maturity and diversity of approaches, objects, and methods from different disciplinary perspectives.
Claudia T was especially attentive to the area of Health Policy, Planning, and Management, emphasizing the specificities of ethically engaged scientific production oriented towards the unwavering pursuit of interventions focused on guaranteeing the population's right to health" (p. 1).
The Debate section is absolutely essential and timely, with the title "The National Health Conference: challenges for Brazil", by Paulo Gadelha, President of FIOCRUZ, who states, "The 15th National Health Conference takes place at a time of great challenges for all of us engaged in building the country's Unified Health System (SUS). Our current paradox needs to be resolved if we want to make a positive decision and fulfill rather than deny the ideals of the Health Reform" (p. 2048). Gadelha points to "three possible trends and scenarios for shaping the institutionalities of health management in Brazil, with the year 2030 as the horizon" (p. 2055). Sarah Escorel participates in the debate: "It is worrisome that the 15th National Health Conference is being held in a "murky" conjuncture [...] marked by the prevalence of a social and electoral divide in the country; by the conservative and privatizing stance of Congress, as evidenced by the entry of foreign capital in the health sector [...]" (p. 2060). Julio S. Müller Neto recalls Brazil's 2013 demonstrations: "The Legislative and Executive branches apparently failed to listen to the voice of the streets, because in 2015 the National Congress voted to totally open the health sector to foreign capital [...]" (p. 2062). Ligia Bahia, Ana Maria Costa, Soraya Vargas Cortes, and Vera Schattan P. Coelho also participated in the debate. Gadelha sums up the situation in his reply: "Everyone's concern expresses the challenge of expanding social participation in defining the direction for the health sector, breaking with the current limits on representation" (p. 2072). We believe this debate is crucial for determining the direction of the Brazilian Unified National Health System in these challenging times.
The article in the Perspectives section addresses the question of the relationship between public and private and conflicts of interest in food and nutrition. This issue is definitely a priority for a collective health agenda that aims to change policy directions to deal with the high prevalence of excess weight in so many countries.
The article in the Review section features a meta-analysis comparing "Maternal obesity and children's body composition using indirect methods", showing that pre-gestational maternal overweight is associated with high adiposity in children.
This edition also features a variety of topics: indigenous peoples' health, disease burden, adherence by the elderly to vaccination, physical activity, tuberculosis, and leishmaniasis. There is also an article that continues the debate on science evaluation, picking up on a previous study that evidently echoed in the scientific community.
Enjoy the journal!

The journal
Cadernos de Saúde Pública

Cadernos de Saúde Pública/Reports in Public Health (CSP) is a monthly journal published by the National School of Public Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brazil. The journal publishes original articles in the field of Public Health, including epidemiology, nutrition, health planning, vector ecology and control, environmental health, and social sciences in health, among other related fields (for more details, see instructions to authors). All articles are carefully reviewed by the CSP editorial staff, organized on the basis of the peer review system.

CSP is currently one of the main sources of information in Latin America on the Public Health scientific field. The journal’s periodicity and regularity, combined with the quality of its graphics and careful selection of articles, have ensured its broad dissemination in both the academic and scientific community and health services, both in Brazil and abroad. Aimed at expanding the potential for disseminating the articles published in the journal, CSP is listed in the main international literature indexes, and the articles are also available online through the SciELO project (Scientific Electronic Library Online).
CSP adopts the Creative Commons license of the Attribution type (CC-BY), which allows redistributing, remixing, transforming, and building on the material for any purpose, even commercially, as long as the appropriate credit is given, as specified by CSP.

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